French Family Vocabulary

family countryside

When having conversations abroad, some of the first facts you share with a new (French-speaking) friend are usually about your background, including whether or not you have brothers and sisters, where you grew up, and where your family is from. The expectations around how a family behaves and even what constitutes a family vary widely across countries. This means it’s also an opportunity to learn about families in different cultures, perhaps by asking your new friend about whether they are close with their family members, how often they see each other, and what they like to do together.

Learning how to describe your family members will allow you to talk about past family vacations to French-speaking countries and describe your childhood. If you’re lucky, you may even get invited to a new French-speaking friend’s family home for a meal or celebration. If you’re having trouble remembering a whole list of new French names, think of how thankful you’ll be to have French family vocabulary memorized, so that you can simply refer to your new friend’s family members as “your mom” or “your niece’s fiancé.” If you’re fortunate enough to have been invited to a family gathering, you’ll absolutely want to be sure you can keep track of all of those aunts, uncles, cousins, and grandparents!

French Family Vocabulary

Not only can you learn how to refer to different family members in this course focus, you’ll also learn how to describe them and talk about relationships between them. Get a free trial of Lingvist to start memorizing vocabulary fast today!

French English
jeune

Cet enfant est très jeune.
young

This child is very young.
unique

Elle est fille unique.
only one

She is an only child.
aîné

Mon frère aîné a 36 ans.
older, elder

My older brother is 36.
femme

Marie est la femme de Pierre.
wife, spouse

Marie is Pierre's wife.
épouse

Son épouse est encore jeune.
wife, spouse

His wife is still young.
mère

Sa mère est anglaise.
mother

His mother is English.
fille

C'est une fille.
girl

It's a girl.
maman

L'enfant appelle sa maman.
mum, mummy

The child is calling for his mummy.
amitié

Il a commencé notre amitié par un cadeau.
friendship

He started our friendship with a gift.
sœur

Ta sœur va bien ?
sister

How's your sister doing?
affection

Elle a beaucoup d'affection pour ses enfants.
affection

She has great affection for her children.
tante

Ma tante est une actrice de cinéma.
aunt

My aunt is a film actress.
fiancée

Sa fiancée est d'origine japonaise.
fiancée

His fiancée is of Japanese origin.
nièce

Comment s'appelle ta nièce ?
niece

What is your niece's name?
enfants

Dans cette maison, il y a beaucoup d'espace pour les enfants.
children

There's a lot of space for children in this house.
enfant

Elle a un enfant.
child

She has a child.
fils

Son fils est encore petit.
son

His son is still small.
époux

Mon époux travaille dans une banque.
husband, spouse

My husband works in a bank.
jumeaux

Ces garçons sont jumeaux.
twins

These boys are twins.